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A guerra na rede

agosto 1, 2010

La guerra de Afganistán queda al descubierto tras la publicación de documentos secretos
Tres medios internacionales publican este lunes una de las filtraciones de archivos secretos más importantes de la historia de EEUU. Los diarios The Guardian, The New York Times y el semanal Der Spiegel han sacado a la luz 90.000 documentos sobre la guerra de Afganistán obtenidos por la organización Wikileaks.

“El periodismo es controversia”
En una entrevista con The Guardian, el fundador de Wikileaks, Julian Assange explica las razones por las que ha publicado los documentos. “Si el periodismo es bueno, tiene que ser controvertido. El papel del periodismo es denunciar abusos de poder”.
Para Assange, “los documentos muestran la naturaleza real de esta guerra y la gente de Afganistán y otros países podrá ver qué es lo que está pasando y actuar en consecuencia”. Según el fundador de la organización, la importancia de la filtración reside en que “explica que ha pasado desde 2004 y cómo casos particulares son significativos […] Cómo interactúa la clase política en Kabul con EEUU, cómo se ha propagado la corrupción por todo el país. También cómo Irán y Pakistán están mediando en la guerra…”.
Wikileaks se ha reservado la publicación de otros 15.000 documentos por el peligro que su publicación puede suponer para sus fuentes.


A NOTE TO READERS
Deciding whether to publish secret information is always difficult, and after weighing the risks and public interest, we sometimes chose not to publish. But there are times when the information is of significant public interest, and this is one of those times. The documents illuminate the extraordinary difficulty of what the United States and its allies have undertaken in a way that other accounts have not.

The War Logs
A trove of military documents made public on Sunday by an organization called WikiLeaks reflects deep suspicions among American officials that Pakistan’s military spy service has for years guided the Afghan insurgency with a hidden hand, even as Pakistan receives more than $1 billion a year from Washington for its help combating the militants.



The fog of war is unusually dense in Afghanistan. When it lifts, as it does today with the Guardian’s publication of selections from a leaked trove of secret US military logs, a very different landscape is revealed from the one with which we have become familiar. These war logs – written in the heat of engagement – show a conflict that is brutally messy, confused and immediate. It is in some contrast with the tidied-up and sanitised “public” war, as glimpsed through official communiques as well as the necessarily limited snapshots of embedded reporting.

The Afghanistan Protocol
The whistleblowing organization WikiLeaks, which posted the Afghanistan war logs this week, has made publishing government secrets its mission. Many see founder Julian Assange as a hero, but others, including the Pentagon, consider him a threat to national security.

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